Burj Khalifa Dubai – the highest skyscraper in the world, located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The height of the skyscraper is 828 meters. Construction of the tower lasted 6 years and required $ 1.5 billion. Burj Khalifa Dubai was created on the principle of vertical city – the floors are units designed for different functions. The tower contains about 900 apartments, 304 hotel rooms, 35 floors given over to offices. The underground parking can accommodate 3000 cars.
Burj Khalifa Dubai Description
Dubai Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum was first announced the plans to build the tallest building in the world in 2002.
The tower was to be a key part of the new district designed to attract tourists to Dubai from all over the world.
The developer of the tower was the Dubai-based company Emaar, the general contractor – South Korea’s Samsung Engineering.
Originally the Burj Khalifa tower was known as Burj Dubai, Arabic for Dubai Tower, but the completion of the project coincided with the global financial crisis and Dubai was forced to seek help from the neighboring emirate of Abu Dhabi.
In gratitude for the support received billions of dollars, the skyscraper was renamed in honor of Sheikh Abu Dhabi: “Now and forever, this tower will be named” Khalifa “-” Burj Khalifa “.”
Burj Khalifa Dubai Height
In July 2007, the Burj Khalifa surpassed the height of Taipei 101 (509 m), the previous record holder. And in September 2007 broke the record for the highest building, which belonged to the CN Tower in Toronto – 555 meters. The total height of the tower was kept a secret until the opening ceremony and was 828 meters.
The uppermost floor residential of skyscraper located at an altitude of 584 meters. Next there is a 244-meter steel spire which houses communications equipment and the antenna. The observation deck is based on the 124th floor of the tower, at a height of 452 meters. It is the second highest observation deck after the financial center in Shanghai observation desk.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History
In the early 2000s, the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has launched a plan to transform the Dubai emirate into a one of the main centers of world tourism.
One of the main points of this plan was the construction of a new district – Dubai Downtown, includes more than 100 residential and office buildings, hotels, the largest shopping center, spectacular fountains and many other projects. But the key element of the new district was to become the world’s tallest skyscraper.
In the spring of 2002, Dubai-based construction company Emaar, turned to the architect Adrian Smith with an offer to design the tallest building in the world.
Adrian Smith was chosen because of its skyscraper Jin Mao, built in the heart of Shanghai. The initial project was 518 meters in height, it was enough to beat the then champion Taiwan skyscraper Taipei 101, whose height 509 meters.
But at the initial stage of the project was changed at least 7 times, the last option was the height of the 705 and 750 meters. Smith was not happy with the constant demands to amend the draft and final versions of the proposed five towers that will not change. Emaar selected a project with a height of 828 meters.
The project was launched under the name of “Burj Dubai”, construction work started in January 2004. In December 2004 foundation of the tower was finished.
It took almost a year for the construction of the first 10 floors of the Burj Khalifa building.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History, September 2005:
Especially for the Burj Khalifa in Dubai was developed a special grade of concrete that can withstand temperatures for a long time to +50 ° C. Its embedded only at night, and to the solution was added ice. Otherwise, the temperature is too high would not allow the concrete to gain the necessary strength during solidification.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History, April 2006:
The average speed of construction of the tower was 1-2 floors per week.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History, October 2007:
Burj Khalifa reached 160 storeys, will be built on a 200-meter steel spire. Designed specifically for the Burj Khalifa Dubai, the glass will pass enough light, but reflect some of the heat that will significantly reduce the cost of air conditioning. In addition, they have to withstand enormous wind loads on the tower.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History, October 2008:
The building of the tower is nearly complete.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History, August 2009:
There is landscaping.
Burj Khalifa Dubai History, January 4, 2010
The opening ceremony of the Burj Khalifa Dubai begins.
How much Burj Khalifa building cost?
The construction of the Burj Khalifa skyscraper cost $ 1.5 billion, which paid off in record time – just one year after the opening of the tower.
This is due to the great popularity of the skyscraper as the tallest building in the world. On the construction side, in 2009, Emaar has reported record sales value – $ 40,000 per m². In addition, the very popular lookout tower: To get to it, you need to buy a ticket for a few days in advance.
Burj Khalifa interesting Facts
1. Burj Khalifa is the absolute record holder!
Burj Khalifa officially recognized as champion in the following categories:
– The tallest building in the history of mankind
– The building which has most floors
– The building with the fastest elevators: its speed is 18 m / s
– The highest restaurant in the world:
Burj Khalifa “Atmosphere” restaurant is located on the 122 floor.
But the most interesting fact is that with all these impressive records of Burj Khalifa is the tallest in the world! The world’s highest observation area of the building is located in the financial center in Shanghai, at an altitude of 474 meters, while in the Burj Khalifa it’s at 452 meters altitude. This is explained by the fact that the tapered design of the Burj up does not allow to place the site on the top, there is not enough space to take a huge flow of tourists. At the same time, the financial center of Shanghai’s observation deck is the uppermost floors, thereby pulling out the palm of Arab sheikhs in at least one category.
2. Who lives on the upper floors of the Burj Khalifa?
Despite the fact that, in general, housing prices in Dubai are much lower than in London, New York or Moscow, afford to buy it in the Burj Khalifa are only the wealthiest people. The developer did not disclose the names of the buyers, but some of them also proudly tell of purchase. Since it was reported that 100 and 101 floors bought for personal use by Indian billionaire Dr. Shetty. Purchase cost him $ 25 million. “Best Addresses than Dubai, the Burj Khalifa, the 100 floors, now did not come up” – boasts the owner of the Indian pharmaceutical empire.
3. Vending machines for sale in the Burj Khalifa
What is usually sold in vending machines? Coffee, soda, food? Yes, but not in Dubai and not in the highest skyscraper in the world!
The Burj Khalifa has multiple vending machines to sell gold! Anyone wishing to feed the machine a decent stack of bills can get gold bars weighing from 2.5 to 30 grams, carved with the image of the Burj Kalifa. One machine is installed on the observation deck at the top, the other in the lobby of the tower.
4. Energy from the sun
In Dubai, scorching sun shines almost year round, and everybody seeks refuge in the shadow of the saving. However, enterprising Dubai sheiks have figured out how making money even in the scorching rays of the heavenly body. On the roofs of small buildings surrounding the Burj Khalifa, were installed solar panels on the building which is quite a lot of electricity.
5. The miracle fountains of Burj Khalifa
At the foot of the Burj Khalifa, there is another wonder, comparable in uniqueness with the tower. It is the largest fountain in the world that can spew out streams of water to a height of 100 meters. In addition, the fountain is not just beats up, but could make out the intricate shapes, moving to the beat of the music played. Every half hour, starting at 8 pm, there is dancing fountain, under any beautiful melody, which can see everyone. As an added bonus – a giant fountain gives a pleasantly cool, making the finding of the tower a little more comfortable.