34 Interesting facts about Egypt
1. Ancient Egypt called the cradle of civilization. It is known that there thousands of years ago were first invented lock and keys to it, comb and scissors, makeup and deodorant, a wig and a toothbrush with toothpaste.
2. Ninety-five percent of Egypt is desert. The majority of Egypt’s population lives on only five percent of the territory.
3. It is believed that the form of the ancient Egyptian pyramids represents the diverging rays of the sun.
5. In Egypt, there are more than five million users Facebook – more than any other country in the Middle East. For example, in 2009 in Egypt was 20,136,000 Internet users, it is 21 places in the world.
6. Most Egypt’s income is not tourism. Incomes come with duties levied on ships passing through the Suez Canal.
7. The Suez Canal is the largest in the world. It was built in 1869 and joined the Mediterranean and Red Sea. Shipping stopped here only during the years 1967-1975 during the war with Israel. No less famous Panama Canal at exactly half the length of the Suez.
8. Aswan dam built to protect the field from the floods of the Nile – the most massive building in the world. By the number of spent on construction material it is 17 times surpassed the pyramid of Cheops. After the construction of the Aswan Dam, Lake Nasser emerged – the largest man-made reservoir in the world.
9. Egypt has the largest Arab population in the world. The official name of Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt.
10 . Approximately 90% of Egyptians – Muslims (mostly Sunni), 9% belong to the Coptic Church, and 1% – Christians.
11. Many tourists wonder why the roof almost all the houses in Egypt left unfinished, and some even missing. The fact is that as long as the house has no roof, it is considered unfinished and therefore do not have to pay property taxes.
12 .Reign of Pharaoh Piopi II (2246-2152 to H and E.) lasted 94 years old and is considered the longest in history. He became the king of Egypt, when he was only 6 years old.
13. According to legend, the Pharaoh Piope II, smeared with honey naked slaves to distract themselves from the flies.
14. Egyptian flag is similar to the flags of Syria, Iraq and Yemen, it consists of three multi-colored stripes with the Arab Revolt flag – red, white and black – with a gold “Eagle of Saladin” on the white stripe. Egypt flag on black symbolizes experienced harassment, red – a bloody struggle with the yoke and the white represents the bright future.
15. The literacy rate of men in Egypt is 83%, and women – 59.4%.
16. The average annual rainfall in Egypt is approximately one inch.
17. Usually, the beginning of Egyptian history, consider the year 3200 BC, when King Menes (also known as Narmer) united Upper and Lower Kingdom. Last nee dynasty collapsed under the onslaught of the Persians in 341 BCE and was replaced by the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines. The Arabs brought Islam and the Arabic language in Egypt in the seventh century.
18. On July 2011 the population of Egypt was 82,079,663 people, which was 15 among the world’s most populated countries. About 99% of the population of about 5.5% of the territory.
19. Ramses II (1279-1212 BC) is often called the greatest Pharaoh of the Egyptian empire. He ruled Egypt for 60 years and was the only Pharaoh, has the title “the Great”. He had over 90 children (about 56 boys and 44 girls). He had eight official wives and 100 concubines. In addition, he was a redhead, which is why it was compared to the god Seth.
20. The famous Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a tomb of Pharaoh Cheops (Khufu) (2589-2566 BC), its construction took more than 20 years. It was constructed from more than two million limestone blocks, each of which weighs as two and a half elephant. Its height is about 460 feet (149 meters) – higher than the Statue of Liberty. The base of the Great Pyramid covers an area roughly equal to five football fields.
21. The ancient Egyptians believed that mummification of the deceased provided safe passage into the afterlife. The mummification process consisted of two phases, first the body was embalmed, then wrapped and buried. The bodies were stored in canopic jars (funerary vases), each of which represented the god.
22. The ancient Egyptians mummified not only people but also animals. Once archaeologists discovered 15-foot mummified crocodile. In the ancient Book of the Dead this crocodile known as “scavenger of human hearts.”
23. In ancient Egypt were popular fly swatter made from giraffe tails.
24. The ancient Egyptians had more rights and privileges than most of the other women of the ancient world. For example, they could own property, conduct business deals and to take the initiative in the divorce. Women from wealthy families could become doctors or priestesses.
25. In Egypt, men and women applied to the eye make-up called Kohli, which was made of some crushed raw material mixed with oil. They believed that it possessed magical healing properties that can restore eyesight and eliminate eye infections.
26. To the ancient Egyptians, the bread was the main food and the beer was the main drink. In the tombs even allowed layouts breweries to ensure the deceased in the next world a lot of beer.
27. The ancient Egyptians had three different calendars: Daily agricultural calendar, astronomical calendar and the lunar calendar. 365-day agricultural calendar consisted of three seasons of four months. Astronomical calendar was based on the observations of the star Sirius, which has appeared every year at the beginning of the season floods. Finally, the priests were used the lunar calendar, according to which they conducted the ceremony dedicated to the god Khonsu.
28. Hieroglyphs was created in about 3000 BCE and most likely came from an early wall drawings. In contrast to the 26 English letters, there are more than 700 different Egyptian hieroglyphs.
29. The first Egyptian pyramid was the Step Pyramid, built the Egyptian architect Imhotep for Pharaoh Djoser in 2600 BC
30. The ancient Egyptians worshiped more than 1000 different gods and goddesses. The most revered was Ra, the sun god.
31. During its history, Egypt has been known by many names. For example, during the Old Kingdom (2650-2134 BC) Egypt was called Kemet or Black Earth, that belonged to the dark fertile soil of the Nile Valley. He was also called Deskhret or Red Earth because of the extensive Egyptian deserts. He was later known as the Hoot-ka-Ptah “House of the Ka Ptah.” Ptah was one of the earliest Egyptian gods. The Greeks changed Hut-ka-Ptah at Aegiptus.
32. The Sahara Desert was once a fertile land and savanna. Climate change has taken place in the year 8000 BC turned it into a place of pastoral land in the desert. Now it is one of the world’s largest hot desert areas of over 9.4 million square miles – roughly the size can be compared with the area of the United States. Among all types of deserts of the largest in the world is Antarctica.
33. The famous Sphinx recently had a nose. It was destructed in 1798 by soldiers of the Napoleonic army, who used it as a target in training shooting.
34. The mummy of Pharaoh Ramses II has a modern Egyptian passport. In 1974, the state of the mummy, for unknown reasons, was rapidly deteriorating. It was decided to take her to Paris for examination. To avoid registration of the export of cultural property as that would lead to a long examination, the mummy did passport. The passport was given the name of the Pharaoh – Ramses, and in the “Title” standing “King” and marked “sick.”