Interesting facts about China: China – an amazing country full of diverse attractions and beauties! The ancient civilization of China was able to save in the depths of their lands original traditions of its own people, a number of powerful technology foundation, peacefully coexisting with ancient traditions of a rich culture.
Great-grandfathers tradition decorate memorable for its beautiful landscapes of untouched nature – from the mild air surface of the cleanest rivers and lakes surrounded by lush green vegetation, to the high snowy peaks of Tibet. Centuries-old temples of Buddha and modern skyscraper cities of China, graceful organically blend into one amazing impersonation on our beautiful Earth, lure many tourists to China, who will experience the emotions hardly comparable with anything either!
Interesting Facts About China
China is often called one of the most ancient civilizations in the world. Some of the historical sites, created at the dawn of Chinese civilization, scholars date 6000 BC
The Chinese civilization – one of several ancient civilizations, which has its own script. In the Chinese language for more than 80 thousand characters. On average, the Chinese, who graduated from university already knows five thousand characters.
Chinese physician Hua T’o, born roughly between 140 and 150 AD, was the first known physician to perform an operation under general anesthesia. Drink of anesthesia was made from hemp and good wine.
The fastest train in the world – Maglev – runs from the outskirts of Shanghai to its airport. The train that runs on magnetic levitation without friction with the rails, it has a top speed in 431 km / h The cost of a one way ticket on a normal day – about 50 yuan.
Chinese kites (“paper birds”, “Aeolian Harp”) were invented about 3000 years ago. Initially, they were used not for entertainment purposes, but for the military. Snakes launched into the air to intimidate the enemy in battle. Marco Polo (1254 – 1324) noted in his diary that using kite sailors predicted the success of the voyage.
Many historians argue that China – the birthplace of football and the Chinese “play” the ball on the field as early as 1000 years of BC.
Hong Kong and Macau have the status of special territories, and are de facto independent. Chinese citizens must obtain special permission (internal visa) to visit these places.
China is the third largest energy producer in the world after the U.S. And Russia.
In Sichuan province, was discovered more than 100 dinosaur fossils. Was discovered four wings dinosaur – theropod allegedly is missing transitional between dinosaurs and birds.
Giant pandas live in China for about two – three million years. The first Chinese emperors kept pandas to ward off evil spirits and natural disasters. The same black-and-white bears are considered a symbol of strength and courage.
In ancient China, the bed has central heating and independent heating system.
Acupuncture treatment – treatment of thin needles are inserted into various points, appeared in China more than 500 years ago.
In China, any person who was struck by lightning was exempt from paying taxes for three years.
Historians suggest that the increase of the Chinese population, people had to come up with a way of “healthy” food preparation in which the products would be maintained maximum nutrients. Hence, there was a “tradition” of Chinese cuisine in grinding food into small pieces to prepare meals as quickly as possible. Little slicing produce has led to the disappearance of the need to use knives and the invention of chopsticks.
The tallest building in China – The Tower of the World Financial Center in Shanghai, sometimes called the “can opener.” His height was 492 meters, and to get there, you can either pay 150 yuan for entrance, or free climb the 92 floors of the Hyatt at the bar and order any drink (55 yuan), while taking the same view as from the observation deck.
The first windmills were built in about 200 BC China.
In 130 BC, the year Zhang Heng, a Chinese astronomer and literary critic, invented the first device to monitor earthquakes. The machine has detected and indicated the location of the earthquake.
In the fourth century BC, Chinese people have become used to heat their homes with natural gas. Fuel is extracted by drilling wells, overtaking European countries in this field for 2300 years.
Qinghai-Tibet railway in China is the highest in the world, rising to the highest point at the height of more than 5 miles away. For this road developed formulations with special cars, in which the oxygen supply. In addition, each passenger may put an individual oxygen mask.
In China, Indonesia and the Philippines can be found in the form of burial caskets, nailed to the rocks. The people of Bo, one of China’s national minorities, it was thought that the mountains are the most suitable place for the funeral because they are stairs between the earthly and heavenly worlds.
Tiananmen Square the world’s largest venue for a variety of demonstrations and performances, and the Three Gorges Dam, located in China – the largest dam in the world.
The largest dam in the world based in China. Just this part of the plant, located on the Yangtze River, is the most controversial – during its construction and operation often flashed scandals related to technical difficulties, human rights violations, adverse changes in the environment.
The Chinese began to manufacture silk, at least since 3000 BC The Romans called China the «Land of the way» («Serica»). The Mystery of Chinese silk and still closely guarded by manufacturers. Everyone who was caught smuggling silkworm cocoons or butterflies, sentenced to death.
China’s Grand Canal – the oldest and longest canal in the world. Its length is 1795 km. Along its walls erected 24 of the castle, and the banks are connected more than 60 bridges.
The Chinese lunar calendar – the oldest in the world. It consists of 12 signs of the zodiac, was created in 2006 BC. One cycle is a calendar 60.
According to ancient Chinese legend, tea was discovered in 2737 BC Emperor Shen-nunem (Shennong). It happened by accident, when fragrant leaves fall to the royal cup of hot water. Modern Chinese people believe that tea is an integral, essential part of their lives.
The ice cream was prepared for the first time in China 4000 years ago. Someone accidentally left in the snow mixture of milk and rice, and when he returned, he found the ice cream. Marco Polo brought from China to Europe the secrets of making ice cream and pasta.
The name of the Chinese currency “yuan” simply means “round coin” and traditionally recorded hieroglyph 圆. The same character joined the Japanese and Korean writing, with time to be simplified. The very name of money in Japan has changed to “Yen”, and in Korea “won.”