Interesting Facts About South Africa
Interesting Facts About South Africa - South Africa – a state located in the southern part of the African continent. It has borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the north- east by Mozambique and Swaziland.
Inside the territory of the Republic of South Africa there is a state enclave of Lesotho. South Africa is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Africa and has the largest share of white, Indian and mixed population on the continent.
The country has rich mineral resources, and is the most economically developed on the continent and has a relatively strong global positions.
38 Interesting Facts About South Africa
1. Some believe that the capital of South Africa Cape Town or Johannesburg. However, this is misleading. Capital of South Africa – Pretoria, a city located 150 kilometers from Johannesburg and is the third most populous in the country.
2. In South Africa, in Limpopo province there is Big Baobab Pub – Bar, which is located in a natural void inside a giant baobab age six thousand years and is designed for simultaneous reception of 15 people.
Also known as baobabs in Africa, and in Australia, people used as prisons, temples, mausoleums, bus stops and public toilets.
3. The largest diamond weighing 621.35 grams Cullinan was found in South Africa in 1905. Transvaal Government has decided to give the discovery of King Edward VII, however, because of the very high value of the diamond, the question arose as to safely deliver him to London.
As a result, it was decided to stage carriage Cullinan on the boat with plenty of protection in the safe captain, but a real gem was sent ordinary parcel. More about diamonds, as your birthstone, you can read at this article: April Birthstone.
4. In South Africa, there are a large number of amazing national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Among the most popular tourist attractions of the African continent include Kruger National Park.
This is one of the most beautiful nature reserves in the world. In Kruger National Park, created ideal conditions for animals such as elephants, giraffes, rhinos, monkeys, zebras, cheetahs, hippos, gazelles, eland, lions and African wild dogs.
5. In South Africa, there are a lot of places on the list of UNESCO World Heritage:
- Park St. Lucia (Greater Saint Lucia Wetland Park) – since 1999;
- The Island Robben (Robben Island) – since 1999;
- Drakensberg National Park (Drakensberg Park) – since 2000;
- The complex of archaeological cultures Mapungubwe (Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape) – since 2003;
- Astrobleme Vredefort (Vredefort Dome) – since 2005;
- Protected Areas Cape Floral Region (Cape Floral Region Protected Areas) – since 2004.
6. In South Africa, there are 11 official languages: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.
Therefore, the country has 11 official titles. It is interesting to know that most people know three or more languages. English is one of the most common and is used by more than half the country’s population.
7. Interesting facts about South Africa: South Africa is the second largest exporter of fruit in the world.
8. South Africa occupies the third place in the world rankings safety of tap water!
9. At the “Table Mountain” rising more than 1,500 different species of plants! This is even more than in the whole of the UK!
Interesting fact: South Africa has the cheapest electricity in the world. This is explained by a variety of TPP , which produce huge amounts of electricity.
10. It is interesting to know that South Africa produces two-thirds of electricity in all of Africa!
11. Off the coast of South Africa, more than 2,000 shipwrecks. Most of them are over 500 years old!
12. Interesting fact: South Africa – the only country in the world where the same street lived three Nobel Prize winners ! They all lived on the street Vilakazi in Soweto.
13. An Interesting fact: The first human remains that have been found in South Africa more than 160 000 years.
14. In South Africa are growing some of the largest trees in the world – baobabs . They live up to 5 thousand years and reach a trunk diameter of 25 meters! Interesting to know that the fruits of these trees are edible and are called “monkey bread .”
15. An interesting fact about South Africa: It one of the few countries that voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons, which, by the way, the country developed independently.
16. An interesting fact about South Africa: Palomino Mountain is one of the oldest in the world. Its height is 1087 meters above sea level.
17. Throughout South Africa, there are more than 280 thousand windmills.
18. At the territory of South Africa there is the oldest meteor trail on earth, across the Vaal River rpohodit called Dome Vredefort. Meteor abruptly slammed into Earth nearly two billion years ago.
19 .Rocks around Barberton in Mpumalanga – they are the oldest in the world – over three billion years. Because they are the most accessible from all sides, NASA scientists often come here to explore them and find some information about their possible origin from other distant planets.
20. Tugela Falls – the second highest waterfall in the world, water is dropped from a height of 850 meters. First place is Angel Falls in Venezuela, the height of 979 meters.
21. In South Africa, there are 18 000 native plant species, of which 80% are uniquely South African.
22. River Canyon Blyde – the third largest canyon in the world. Grand Canyon in the U.S. is the biggest, and the Fish River Canyon in Namibia the second vedichine, but both are dry.
23. South African fields, per square kilometer are 30 species of plants , it is more than the biodiversity of tropical forests.
24. Could the mountains be folded ? Yes, they ca , and you can see such miracles in Cape Town in the mountains of Swartberg.
25. South Africa and its neighbors – is the most secured places on the sun around the globe, is absorbed more than half of solar energy throughout the land.
26. Therapsids – the true ancestors of mammals, the remains of which have survived virtually unchanged since 200 million years ago , is found in South Africa. These animals were the ancestors of the dinosaurs of the Jurassic period.
Also in South Africa found the remains of fossilized shark fossils age about 280 million years.
27. According to recent studies, a city in the Northern Cape Sutherland – one of the most geologically stable places on Earth, despite the fact that there is 66 volcanoes, but all of them are not active.
28. Lake Fundudzi in Venda – possibly the world’s only freshwater lake formed by a landslide.
29. The world’s first heart transplant was done in South Africa in 1967 by South African Dr Chris Barnard.
Dr. Percy Amolis South Africa invented a way to restore the retina, which was tested for the first time in the former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The operation was successful, so Margaret Thatcher has long retained vision.
30. In eastern Africa, scientists have discovered traces of blue-green algae that lived about 3,500 million years ago. These are some of the earliest evidence of life on Earth.
31. Skye Pietermaritzburg City Hall is the largest building of red brick, not only throughout South Africa, but throughout the Southern Hemisphere!
32. Interesting facts About South Africa: South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique border demolished their fleets to create a total protected area of 35 000 km2 which will be the largest in the world! It will be more than Switzerland, Belgium or Taiwan.
33. More than 11 % of the state budget goes to South Africa Health . This sector is the most funding.
34. Interesting fact: The average life expectancy in South Africa is only 49 years old, but it is worth considering that in 2000 people lived on average no more than 43 years! The most unusual thing about this is that women live 48 years, and 50 men!
36. It is interesting to know that there is no religious majority in South Africa . About 35 % of Christians of different directions, 15% atheists, and the remaining 50 % of the population are many different religions.
37. In South Africa, there are over 28,000 schools, which employs more than 386,000 teachers, and learns more than 12 million students.
38. Interesting facts about South Africa: South Africa is one of the largest gold producing countries, and has about 80% of platinum reserves in the world.
Read also by this theme:
- Interesting Facts About Africa
- Interesting Facts About Tanzania
- Interesting Facts About Zimbabwe
- Interesting Facts About Kenya